The Bible teaches that Jesus was fully God and fully man during his earthly ministry. The Scripture declares that Jesus Christ is the second person of the Trinity (Heb. 1:3; Jn. 1:18). He is the same essence as the Father and Holy Spirit (Jn. 2:24). Each member of the Trinity is eternal, self-existent and deity. They are equal in nature, honor and glory. The Bible demonstrates that Jesus is God by 1) the names he went by 2) the attributes that were ascribed to him 3) the works he performed 4) the authority he claimed to have and 5) the worship he received.
Jesus Christ was recognized as God by name. The apostle John in his first epistle writes, “And we know the Son of God has come and given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life” (1 Jn. 5:20). The deity of Jesus Christ is also testified to by his divine attributes. Jesus speaking with the Jewish authorities claimed to be eternal when he said, “before Abraham was, I am” (Jn. 8:58). Thirdly, he demonstrated his deity by the works that he did. In (Matt. 8:27) Jesus commands the winds and the sea, and they obey him. Who does this? God. Paul speaks of Christ as the creator and sustainer of the entire world (Col. 1:16-17), who can do that? God. Jesus claims for himself in (Jn. 5:26) that he has life in himself! He is does not claim to have life, but rather to be the life! And in (Matt. 9:2) Jesus verbally claims to be able to forgive sins! Who has the power to do this? Only God.
Throughout his ministry Jesus boldly claimed to have authority over the highest entities of the time (the Law (Matt. 5:21-44), the Temple (Matt. 12:6), and the Kingdom itself (Matt. 16:19). Jesus didn’t only claim to be the Word of God incarnate (Jn. 1:14) but also received worship demonstrating to all in a monotheistic mindset that he was truly the one worthy of their worship. This is seen in (Matt. 14:33) when the disciples worship him in the boat. This is again seen in (Jn. 9:38) where the blind man put his faith in Jesus and began to worship!
The Bible makes it abundantly clear that Jesus is God. In the beginning the belief that Jesus was God was completely accepted. Why? Because there was no way he could do the things he did unless he was God. But in recent times, the pendulum has swung to the other side, most today will affirm that he was a man, but will not accept that he was God. The balance of both is crucial. The Bible teaches that he was both. 100% God & 100% Man. I think today Christian’s because of this fact we really stress the deity of Jesus, which is good, but it is just as important to stress his humanity!
The Bible says that Jesus although he has always existed, manifested himself, taking on flesh, and becoming a man, and this through a human mother, with a normal birth, following the normal 9 months of pregnancy. But what we learn here is that the father of the baby in Mary’s womb is the Holy Spirit (God). So from the very beginning we see that Jesus was a human baby born in Bethlehem who squirmed, pooped, ate and slept just like any other human baby. Human Mother – Divine Father – 100% Human & 100% Divine. He was named Immanuel – which means, God with us. Jesus was a human person & Jesus was God from his birth.
The Bible says that Jesus “in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin” (Heb. 4:15). Jesus was a perfect man, never broke God’s law. You say that’s great, but he was God, yes, but he was also a man just like us! This is where Jesus’ humanity is so important to understand. Jesus was not just a man, he was a spirit-anointed man; Holy Spirit anointed.
We are quick to ask what could the Spirit of God contribute to the deity of Christ? Nothing. BUT What could the Spirit of God contribute to the humanity of Christ? Everything. When Jesus came into this world he came as man relying on the Spirit to provide the power, grace, knowledge, wisdom, direction needed, moment by moment, day by day to fulfill the mission the Father sent him to accomplish. It was the man Jesus Christ depending on the Spirit of God that delivered him from temptation. However, In Philippians 2, the apostle Paul writes that Jesus “emptied” himself. This is where we get the word “Kenosis”. This though sounds as if Jesus is “pouring out” part of his person or character, becoming less than fully God! Although it sounds like this, almost the opposite is true. The idea is that Jesus took on another “form” and earthly form – taking the form of a man, and thus became like us. Jesus did not exchange the form of God for the form of man, but rather added the form of man to his eternal deity.
Therefore, by taking on humanity, he condescended or humbled himself setting aside his rightful privileges in order to fulfill all righteousness (Matt. 3:15). Practically, Jesus emptied himself in four ways: 1) the veiling of His glory (Matt. 17:1; Phil. 2:6-7) 2) the setting aside of his independent authority (Jn. 5:30; Matt. 26:39) 3) the veiling of his display of divine attributes (Matt. 24:36; Lk. 2:52) and 4) the veiling of His eternal riches (2 Cor. 8:9).